What is RA 9522 all about?
9522 amending certain provisions of Republic Act No. … An Act to amend certain provisions of Republic Act No. 3046, as amended by Republic Act No. 5446, to define the archipelagic baseline of the Philippines and for other purposes.
Is RA 9522 unconstitutional?
constitutionality of R.A. 9522, the Philippine Supreme Court stated that “[w]hether referred to as Philippine ‘internal waters’ under Article I of the Constitution or as ‘archipelagic waters’ under [Article 49 of the LOS Convention], the Philippines exercises sovereignty over the body of water lying landward of the …
Why does the Philippines use the straight baseline method to determine its territorial sea?
The Philippines needs to establish archipelagic baselines mainly 1) for the purpose of ensuring the national security and territorial integrity of the more than 7,100 islands and waters comprising the Philippine archipelago; and 2) for economic reasons, to enable the Philippines to establish the different maritime …
What is the Philippine archipelagic baseline law?
Jardeleza’s proposed baseline law, if enacted, shall be known as “Philippine Maritime Features of the West Philippine Sea Act”. … The proposed law states that the breadth of the territorial sea adjacent to the coast of each island shall extend to a distance of twelve nautical miles measured seaward from the baselines.
What is the most important law with respect to tourism planning and development?
7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, to ensure the preparation and implementation of a tourism development plan, the enforcement of standards, and the collection of statistical data for tourism purposes.
Does RA 9522 Deliante the Philippine territory?
RA 9522 essentially declares the Philippines as an “archipelagic state” under the United Nations Law of the Sea, and uses the straight baselines method in delineating the national territory.
Why is RA 9522 unconstitutional?
The petitioners, professors of law, law students and a legislator, assail the constitutionality of RA 9522 on two principal grounds, namely: (1) RA 9522 reduces Philippine maritime territory, and logically, the reach of the Philippine State’s sovereign power, in violation of Article 1 of the 1987 Constitution, …
What are those countries that have not signed during the UN Convention on the law of the sea?
At present 133 States have signed and ratified UNCLOS; Canada, Israel, Turkey, USA, and Venezuela are the most prominent among those that have not ratified. This treaty both codified customary international law and established new law and institutions for the ocean.
What is Presidential Decree No 1599?
1599 establishing an Exclusive Economic Zone and for other purposes. The Decree provides for the establishment of an Exclusive Economic Zone of the Philippines of 200 nautical miles measured from the baselines (sect.