What does the name Thailand mean?
Thailand (meaning Land of the Free), or Siam ,the country’s name used until the year 1949. Term of Citizenship. Thai. Capital. Bangkok (or Krung Thep, in Thai, which means City of Angel)
Why was Thailand never Colonised?
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, only Thailand survived European colonial threat in Southeast Asia due to centralising reforms enacted by King Chulalongkorn and because the French and the British decided it would be a neutral territory to avoid conflicts between their colonies.
What is Muang Thai means?
Mueang was originally a term in the Tai languages for a town having a defensive wall and a ruler with at least the Thai noble rank of khun (ขุน), together with its dependent villages.
Why is Thailand no longer called Siam?
After reforms in 1932, which transformed the country from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy, the name was changed in 1939 to Thailand. In 1945, the name reverted back to Siam, and in 1949 it changed back again to Thailand. The word “Thai” refers to the name of the largest ethnic group in the country.
Is Thailand ever colonized?
Despite attempts at colonization, Thailand was never colonized. Known as the Kingdom of Siam, in the nineteenth century, it was surrounded by the colonized countries of French Indochina and British Burma.
How did Thailand remain free from conquest?
How did Thailand remain free from conquest during the nineteenth century? King Mongkut and king Chulongkorn promoted western learning and maintained friendly relations with the major European powers. How did Dutch apply indirect rule in the Dutch East indies?