How did the Spanish administer their colonies?
Under Spanish rule, Indians were enslaved and forced to labor on encomiendas, large Spanish-owned plantations. They were also forced to mine for silver and gold. They suffered harsh treatment and were often beaten or worked to death.
How was the Philippine government during the Spanish period structure?
The Political Structure
Spain established a centralized colonial government in the Philippines that was composed of a national government and the local governments that administered provinces, cities, towns and municipalities.
How did the Spaniards arrive in the Philippine Islands?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. … Although the books were banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and widely read.
How long was the Philippines colonized by Spain?
On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years.
How did the Spanish maintain control over their American colonies?
They probably sought to convert Indian leaders who exercised influence over the rest of the population. How did Spain maintain control over its American colonies? … They originally explored the area look- ing for gold; they colonized the area to create a defensive zone to keep other Europeans away from New Spain.
How did the Spanish take over the Americas?
Towards the end of the 15th century, a period of discovery and exploration began in Europe. In 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the islands now known as the Bahamas. This marked the beginning the Spanish conquest of the Americas. … 1 Spain ruled a great empire in the Americas for three centuries.
How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
What are the effects of colonization in the Philippines?
Manila remained the colonial capital under American rule. The influx of American officials, soldiers, teachers, and businessmen into the city led to the immediate construction and improvement of urban amenities. New roads and bridges were built. Manila’s harbor was modernized.
How did events in Spain affect the Philippines?
Spain colonized the Philippines from 1565 to 1898. … The Spanish landholding system based on private ownership of land replaced the Filipino system of communal landownership. Thus, when the Spanish rule ended, the Filipinos found many aspects of their way of life bearing the indelible imprint of Hispanization.
What were the effects of Spanish colonization?
They invaded the land of the native americans, treating them in an unfriendly and violent manner when they arrived. The effects of colonization on the native populations in the New World were mistreatment of the natives, harsh labor for them, and new ideas about religion for the spaniards.