Is French Indochina a country?
Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.
Did Indochina gain its independence from France?
Hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II, Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France.
When was Vietnam a French colony?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.
What is Indochina now called?
The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.
Did any French stay in Vietnam?
After 1954, French fell into disuse in North Vietnam, and maintained a high status in South Vietnam. Since the Fall of Saigon in 1975, French has declined in modern Vietnam: in 2018, under 1% of the population was fluent in French.
How did Indochina gain independence from France?
French government troops were defeated by Vietminh rebels near Dienbienphu on May 7, 1954. … Under the Geneva Agreements, France agreed to withdraw its troops from Indochina, and agreed to the independence of South Vietnam and North Vietnam on December 29, 1954.
How did countries of French Indochina gain their independence?
How did the countries of French Indochina gain their independence? … A military junta systematically overthrew the French regime in each country. Communist forces waged a successful war for independence. The United States negotiated with France on behalf of the colonies.
How did Cambodia gain independence?
King Norodom Sihanouk declared a state-of-emergency on January 13, 1953. France and Cambodian representatives signed a protocol on May 9, 1953. … France relinquished sovereignty over Cambodia on November 7, 1953, and King Norodom Sihanouk declared Cambodian independence on November 9, 1953.