How does air pollution affect Vietnam?
Up to 60,000 deaths in Vietnam in 2016 were related to air pollution. On average, air quality being below the World Health Organization’s standard reduces life expectancy by one year and costs the country about 5 per cent of GDP per year.
Is pollution a problem in Vietnam?
Its two biggest cities, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, are now among the top 15 most polluted cities in Southeast Asia. Fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) raises specific concerns in Vietnam.
How does the environment affect people in Vietnam?
According to the State of the Environment 2001 published by the government, the main environmental issues in Vietnam are land degradation, forest degradation, loss of biodiversity, water pollution, air pollution and solid waste management. … The VEA manages environmental issues in Vietnam at the national level.
What are the main environmental problems in Vietnam?
The following eight problems deserve special attention; 1) deforestation, 2) decrease of agricultural land resources, 3) irrational use of water resources, 4) over exploitation of fishery resources, 5) irrational use of mineral resources, 6) loss of genetic resources, 7) environmental pollution, 8) environmental damage …
How does plastic pollution affect Vietnam?
Between 1990 and 2015, plastic consumption in Vietnam rocketed from 3.8 kg per year to 41 kg per year. This has created over 1.8 million tonnes of annual plastic waste. Unfortunately, proper disposal or collection has been limited. … Citizens lost trust in the system and in turn, lost their motivation to sort the waste.
What are the bad effects of air pollution?
Long-term exposure to polluted air can have permanent health effects such as:
- Accelerated aging of the lungs.
- Loss of lung capacity and decreased lung function.
- Development of diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly cancer.
- Shortened life span.
Why is Vietnam vulnerable to climate?
Unfortunately, Vietnam is identified by IPCC as one of the countries likely to be most affected by climate change due to its extensive coastline, vast deltas and floodplains, location on the path of typhoons as well as its large population in poverty.
What is the environment like in Vietnam?
What Is The Climate In Vietnam? Vietnam has a tropical climate which is dominated by the monsoon season. The temperature in Vietnam typically ranges between 70°F and 95°F throughout the year. Average annual humidity is around 85%.
Why is the air pollution so bad in Hanoi?
Air pollution is not new in Hanoi, but remains as pressing an issue as ever. … The municipal authorities have blamed the low air quality on large-scale construction, large number of private vehicles, intensive industrial activity like steel and cement production, and coal-fired power plants.
What are the biggest problems facing the environment in Vietnam SE Asia or the world right now?
It is followed by water pollution (71 percent), food contamination (62 percent), plastic waste pollution (59 percent) and deforestation (55 percent), according to a survey done by market research firm Q&Me which interviewed 792 Vietnamese citizens aged 18-49.
What are Vietnamese issues?
Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killings by the government; torture by government agents; arbitrary arrests and detentions by the government; political prisoners; significant problems with the independence of the judiciary; arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy; serious …