What are the causes and consequences of tropical rainforest deforestation in Sumatra Indonesia?

What are the consequences of deforestation in Indonesia?

Deforestation has pushed Indonesia into the top tier emitters of global greenhouse gas emissions, alongside the United States and China. In July 2015, devastating blazes spread in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua. These fires produced a haze that affected millions of people across Southeast Asia.

What are the causes of deforestation in tropical rainforests?

Direct human causes of deforestation include logging, agriculture, cattle ranching, mining, oil extraction and dam-building.

What is happening to the Sumatra rainforest?

About 12 million hectares of forest on Sumatra have been cleared in the past 22 years, a loss of nearly 50%. Sumatra is home to 201 mammal species and 580 bird species. Critically endangered, there are fewer than 300 Sumatran rhinos and fewer than 400 Sumatran tigers left in the wild.

How much of Indonesia has been deforested?

The country lost 115,459 hectares (285,300 acres) of forest cover in 2020, an area the size of Los Angeles. That’s a 75% drop from 2019, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

What human activities have affected the environment in Indonesia?

Deforestation and agricultural pollution

Rising population densities and the consequent demand for arable land gave rise to serious soil erosion, deforestation due to the need for firewood, and depletion of soil nutrients. Runoff from pesticides polluted water supplies in some areas and poisoned fish ponds.

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