What are the most important ecosystems in Indonesia?

What is the main ecosystem in Indonesia?

It is comprised of more than thirteen thousand islands. The nation has a land area of 735, 350 square miles. Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions.

Ecological Regions Of Indonesia.

Ecological Regions of Indonesia Biome
Central Range montane rain forests Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Why are Indonesia’s rainforests important?

Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. … Tragically, the rapid loss of Indonesia’s biologically wealthy rainforests is driving in-numerable species to the very edge of survival.

Which type of forest is Indonesia famous for?

Forests of Indonesia are the third largest tropical forests in the world. Tropical forests are one of the greatest biodiversity hotspots on Earth. Indonesia is home to 10% to 15% of all known plants, mammals and birds on the planet.

What is in the ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. … Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity.

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Where is Leuser Ecosystem located?

More than 2.6 million hectares of lowland rainforests, rich peat swamps, alpine meadows and montane forests make up the lush paradise known as the Leuser Ecosystem in Aceh and North Sumatra provinces in Indonesia.

Why does Indonesia have high levels of biodiversity?

Thus, apart from the high level of species richness, another great value of Indonesia’s biodiversity is that many of species are endemic, meaning those that are only found in that region and nowhere else in the world. In fact, Indonesia is not only a mega diversity hotspot but also rich in cultural diversity.

How much of Indonesia’s rainforest is left?

Indonesia is one of 17 mega-diverse countries with 2 of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots. In the 1960s, 80% of Indonesia’s land cover was rainforest. Now, that figure stands around 50%. This has significant consequences for the many Indonesians who rely on rainforests.

How much of Indonesia is forest?

According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.