What type of malaria is in the Philippines?

What is malaria in the Philippines?

Malaria in the Philippines is endemic in 58 of the 80 provinces and nearly 12 million people, 13% of the population, are at high risk; the other 22 provinces are free of malaria. Most malaria cases in the country occur in forested, swampy, hilly and mountainous regions. The majority (72%) of the cases are due to P.

What are the 4 types of malaria?

The Disease

Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae.

Where in the Philippines has the most malarial infections?

In 2017, the leading region with the highest number of malaria cases in the Philippines was the MIMAROPA region, which had 1.5 thousand cases.

Is the Philippines malaria free?

The Philippines has also significantly reduced the incidence of malaria by 87 percent – from 48,569 in 2003 to 6,120 cases in 2020 – and has also reported a 98 percent reduction in the number of mortality due to malaria (from 162 deaths in 2003 to three deaths in 2020).

What causes malaria in Philippines?

Malaria in the Republic of the Philippines is caused principally by P. falciparum and P. vivax, with the former as predominant species.

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What is the main cause of malaria?

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness:

  • Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
  • Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
  • Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
  • Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
  • Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

What is the most severe form of malaria?

P falciparum and P vivax account for the vast majority of cases. P falciparum causes the most severe disease.

What part of the Philippines is endemic to malaria?

The Department of Health (DOH) said that only four provinces in the country remain endemic for malaria. The four provinces are Palawan, Sulu, Occidental Mindoro, and Sultan Kudarat, the health department said in a statement.

Is Philippines a malaria zone?

What is the risk of malaria in the Philippines? The Philippines is split up into three regions, which are Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao and all of these areas are considered low risk. However, in the cities and islands of Boracay, Bohol, Catanduanes, Cebu and Leyte there is no risk of Malaria.