Why Indonesia has the most number of volcanoes in Southeast Asia?
The majority of Indonesia’s volcano are located on a 3,000 km long chain called the Sunda Arc. Here, the subduction of the Indian Ocean crust underneath the Asian Plate produced most of these volcanoes.
How do volcanoes affect Indonesia?
The volcanic eruption is one of the terrible types of natural disasters in Indonesia. In addition to the high casualties, the eruption disaster is also followed by large-scale infrastructure damage and by changes in social institutions and in the long-term economic impact. One example is the eruption of Mount Sinabung.
Why Indonesia have a lot of volcanoes?
Indonesia is the country that contains the most active volcanoes of all countries in the world. The Eurasian Plate, Pacific Plate and Indo-Australian Plate are three active tectonic plates that cause the subduction zones that form these volcanoes.
What is the effects of volcanic eruption?
Volcanoes spew hot, dangerous gases, ash, lava, and rock that are powerfully destructive. People have died from volcanic blasts. Volcanic eruptions can result in additional threats to health, such as floods, mudslides, power outages, drinking water contamination, and wildfires.
Which country has no volcano?
Even though Australia is home to nearly 150 volcanoes, none of them has erupted for about 4,000 to 5,000 years! The lack of volcanic activity is due to the island’s location in relation to a tectonic plate, the two layers of the Earth’s crust (or lithosphere).
Which country is home to the most active volcano in the world?
With more than 13,000 islands, Indonesia leads the world with the largest number of active volcanoes.
Why does Indonesia have so many earthquakes and volcanoes?
Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it’s on the Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. … “Plate tectonics and the Ring of Fire are the main reasons why Indonesia has so many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions,” CNN meteorologist Allison Chinchar said.
How did volcanoes form in Indonesia?
Geography of Indonesia is dominated by about 150 volcanoes of all types and dimensions that were formed due to subduction processes occurring along the collision zone separating the Eurasian and the Indo-Australian tectonic plates.
Why is Indonesia so geologically active?
The subduction of the Indian oceanic plate beneath the Eurasian continental plate formed the volcanic arc in western Indonesia, one of the most seismically active areas on the planet with a long history of powerful eruptions and earthquakes.